Faculty of Medical Laboratory Programs : 

Admission requirements according to the regulations for postgraduate studies at the University of Science and Technology
Admission requirements for Pre-Masters:

All graduates of the Bachelor of Medical Laboratories (general) or specialized are entitled to register.

Admission requirements for higher diploma:

For admission to a higher diploma, the following is required:

  • Bachelor’s degree in general or specialization with a good grade (second class)
  • A general baccalaureate degree or a major with an acceptable grade (third degree), provided that the student studies a number of qualifying courses during one or two semesters.

Admission requirements for a master’s degree:

For admission to a master’s degree in the relevant discipline, one of the following qualifications is required:

  • Bachelor’s degree with honors, with a grade of good (second class), as a minimum.
  • A bachelor’s degree (honours) with an acceptable grade (third degree), provided that the student studies a number of preparatory courses during one or two semesters.
  • A bachelor’s degree in general or specialization with a grade of good (second class) at least, in addition to a higher diploma or a general qualification that the student must pass with a grade of good.
  • Bachelor’s degree in general or specialization with an acceptable grade (third class) in addition to a higher diploma.

PhD admission requirements:

For admission to a doctoral degree, a master’s degree in the relevant specialization is required

 

For inquiries:

– Coordinator of Postgraduate Studies at the Faculty of  Medical Laboratory : pst.grdt.crdtr.med.lab@ust.edu.sd
– College of Graduate Studies : pst.grdt&scntc.afrs.scry@ust.edu.sd
– Or come to the admission office of the engineering college

(Fees 400 thousand for Sudanese, 3 thousand dollars for non-Sudanese)

 

(Fees 400 thousand for Sudanese, 3 thousand dollars for non-Sudanese)

 

 

Faculty of Dentistry Programs :

Admission requirements

  1. Should hold the degree of Bachelor of Dental Surgery (B.D.S.) or equivalent.
  2. Permanent registration certificate from Sudan Medical Council or equivalent.
  3. English proficiency test: ILETS (score of 6) or TOEFL (score of 75). Otherwise, a candidate must pass the UST Examination for Professional English (UST-EPE).

Applicants must provide declaration of full time obligation to the program.

 

For inquiries:

– Coordinator of Postgraduate Studies at the Faculty of Dentistry : pst.grdt.crdtr.den@ust.edu.sd
– College of Graduate Studies : pst.grdt&scntc.afrs.scry@ust.edu.sd
– Or come to the admission office of the engineering college

The program is held at the University Dental Hospital, Faculty of Dentistry, and the study is by courses and supplementary research, using the blended system. The total number of credit hours to complete the program is 120 credit hours.  This program aims to:

  1. To provide the opportunity for the candidates to become orthodontists by increasing their knowledge in the specialty. To prepare program graduates to enter an academic or clinical (private or public) practice career.
  2. To train students to conduct independent research work, and to write and publish manuscripts in refereed journals.

The program qualifies the graduate to work as orthodontist and also as academic cadre

Admission requirements:

  1. Should hold the degree of Bachelor of Dental Surgery (B.D.S.) or equivalent.
  2. Permanent registration certificate from Sudan Medical Council or equivalent.
  3. English proficiency test: ILETS (score of 6) or TOEFL (score of 75). Otherwise, a candidate must pass the UST Examination for Professional English (UST-EPE).

Applicants must provide declaration of full time obligation to the program.

Study plan

Program structure Number of courses  

Credit hours

percentage
course required 11 45 37.5
optional 00 00 00
Thesis            1 20 16.6
Field experience 0 0 0
Laboratory & Clinical Training 0 55 45.9
Total 0 120 100

Program courses:

First Year

Laboratory and Clinic

(20 Cr hrs)

Basic Science & General Biologic Subjects

(5 Cr hrs)

Orthodontic Therapy & Related Subjects

(15 Cr hrs)

Edgewise technique (hands on course) Anatomy of the head and neck Classification
Epidemiology Etiology
Removable appliances

(hands on course)

Biostatistics Biologic reaction to tooth movement
Clinical digital photography

(hands on course)

Cell biology Development of the dentition
Treatment of patients with :

-modified edgewise technique

-straight wire technique

-conventional and self-ligating bracket

– functional appliances

Genetics Craniofacial growth & development
Radiology Orthodontic technique and materials
Computer science Orthodontic diagnosis and treatment plan
Journal club
Occlusion
Cephalometrics
Orthodontic biomechanics
Clinical conference (case presentation)
Early mixed dentition treatment

 

Second year

Research

(8 Cr hrs)

 

Laboratory & Clinical

(20 Cr hrs)

Basic Science & General Biologic Subjects

(2 Cr hrs)

Orthodontic Theory &Related Subjects

(10 Cr hrs)

Masters in orthodontics Functional appliances (hands on course) Growth and development of the human body Orthodontic techniques and materials
  Treatment of patients with :

– modified edge wise technique

– straight wire technique

-conventional and self ligating brackets.

– functional appliances

Syndromes related to the head and neck Orthognathic surgery
    Tempromandibular disorders Adjunctive orthodontics

Periodontics

peadodontics

 

      Endodontics

Prosthodontics

    Research methodology. Orthodontic diagnosis and treatment plan
    Research Ethics Clinical conference

( case presentation)

    Oral pathology Journal club

 

Third year

Research

(12 Cr hrs)

Clinical

(15 Cr hrs)

General Subjects

(3 Cr hrs)

Orthodontic Related subjects

(10 Cr hrs)

Masters in orthodontics Treatment of patients with ;

– modified edge wise technique.

– Straight wire technique.

– Conventional & self ligating brackets.

– functional appliances

Practice management Adult Orthodontic treatment
Defending thesis Completion and transfer of patient records Oral health Retention
Final oral (clinical examination) Psychology of child , adolescent and adult Evaluation of post retention cases
Hazards in orthodontics

(root resorption, relapse)

Iatrogenic considerations
Clinical conference

( case presentation)

Journal club
Cleft palate

The number of graduates:

Program name 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
MSc Clinical Orthodontics  0 0 0 2 3 0 0

 

 

Faculty of Engineering Programs :

Admission requirements

Fulfilling the admission requirements according to the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:.

– Candidates for the program must meet the general conditions for registration for postgraduate studies at the       University of Science and Technology.
– The applicant to register for the study must have a Bachelor’s degree with honors in the relevant field or fields        similar to master’s programs from the University of Science and Technology or its equivalent.
– The student must be a full-time student.
– be fluent in English.

For inquiries:

Coordinator of Postgraduate Studies at the Faculty of  Engineering  :  pst.grdt.crdtr.eng@ust.edu.sd
College of Graduate Studies  :  pst.grdt&scntc.afrs.scry@ust.edu.sd
Or come to the admission office of the engineering college

Admission requirements :

Fulfilling the admission requirements according to the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:

  1. Candidates for the Master’s Program in Telecommunications Engineering must meet the requirements General registration for higher degrees at the University of Science and Technology.
  2. The applicant to register for the study must have a bachelor’s degree with honors in Communications engineering, electronic or computer engineering, software systems engineering, or Similar fields from the University of Science and Technology or its equivalent.
  3. That the student be a full-time student.
  4.  He should be fluent in English.

Mission Statement 

Supporting higher education in Sudan by providing suitable environment for students to become qualified engineers who can contribute to the field of communications engineering locally and regionally. That is through a diversified and advanced plan in communications engineering. the program is offered in the Faculty of Engineering Complex, University of Science and Technology, The study is by courses only, with 36 credit hours. The program aims to scientifically prepare students, rehabilitate them and provide them with sufficient techniques, theoretically and scientifically. That is designed in the fields of communications engineering،they are to contribute to the development of technical awareness and raise the efficiency of university graduates, to train and qualify them at the master’s level, It is also to prepare them to participate in the implementation of plans for the development and development of the state in communications engineering. Providing students with detailed knowledge and a deep and good understanding of the rapidly developing field of Communications Engineering  Providing professional training for students in theoretical and practical fields related to Communications Engineering,

Forming a broad and deep idea about the industrial applications and requirements of Communications and Information Engineering and related administrative issues , develop self-learning skills and objective assessment when Students and their encouragement for self-learning and continuous professional development.

The program qualifies the graduate to work in companies, banks, private and public sector institutions, in the fields of e-commerce, and others.

Study plan:

First Semester:

Contacted hours per week Credit hours Course name Course code
practical theory
3 3  

engineering mathematics

 

TE01
3 3 3 Introduction to communications engineering and signal analysis

 

TE02
3 3 3 advanced digital signal processor

 

TE03
3 3 3 digital communication engineering

 

TE04
9 12 12 Total

Second Semester:

Contacted hours per week Credit hours Course name Course code
practical theory
3 3 3 Optional course
3 3 3 Optional course
3 3 3 Optional course
3 3 3 Optional course
12 12 12

 

Total

Third Semester:

Contacted hours per week Credit hours Course name Course code
practical theory
3 3 3 Optional course
3 3 3 Optional course
3 3 3 Optional course
3 3 3 project
12 12 12

 

Total

Program components and total contact hours:

Percentage Total Contact Hours Credit Hours Field

 

Practical Theory
4.5% 45 45 3 Maths
27% 270 135 135 9 Compulsory courses in the engineering and processing of communications signals
64% 630 315 315 21 Elective courses in Communications and Networks Engineering
4.5% 45 45 3 The project
100% 990 540 495 36 Total

Compulsory courses:

Subject Credit hours Course code No.
Engineering Mathematics 3 TE01 1
Introduction to communication systems and signal analysis 3 TE02 2
Advanced digital signal processing 3 TE03 3
Advanced Digital Communications Engineering 3 TE04 4

Elective Courses: (ب)

Subject Course code No.
Real-time computer  for communications  systems TE5 5
Modeling and simulation TE06 6
Computer and communications network TE07 7
Microwave Circuits principle and design TE08 8
Optical Fiber communication TE09 9
Wireless communication and Mobile Networks TE10 10
 

 

Satellite communications TE11 11
Radio Systems Design TE12 12
Antenna and RF system TE13 13
Computer  Architecture TE14 14
Adhoc  network TE16 15
Microwave system engineering TE16 16
Data communication Networks TE17 17
Information theory and coding TE18 18
Routing and Switching TE19 19
Switching and Network Traffic Modelling:

 

TE20 20
 IP Networks:

 

TE21 21
 Radio Frequency (RF) Circuit Engineering:

 

TE22 22
Traffic Theory

 

TE23 23
 Broadband Networks

 

TE24 24
 High Speed Networks

 

TE25 25
 wireless Communication system:

 

TE26 26
Selected topic TE27 27

 

 

 

Faculty of Computer Science Programs :

Admission requirements

Fulfilling the admission requirements according to the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:
A Bachelor’s degree, first or second class honors, in Computer Science or any other equivalent discipline from the College of Computer Science, University of Science and Technology, or any other similar university, or a Higher Diploma in Computer Science with a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0 from the College of Science Computer and Information Technology, University of Science and Technology or any other similar university.

For inquiries:

– Coordinator of Postgraduate Studies at the Faculty of Computer Science : pst.grdt.crdtr.cs@ust.edu.sd
– College of Graduate Studies : pst.grdt&scntc.afrs.scry@ust.edu.sd
– Or come to the admission office of the engineering college

Admission requirements:

1.  Fulfilling the admission requirements according to the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:

2.  Obtaining a bachelor’s degree, first or second honors, in Computer Science or any other equivalent discipline from the College of Computer Science, University of Science and Technology, or any other similar university,

3.  or obtaining a Higher Diploma in Computer Science with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 as a minimum College of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Science and Technology or any other similar university.

The program is held in the City of Knowledge in the Engineering Complex, and the study system is based on courses and supplementary research, in the blended system. The total number of credit hours to complete the program is 36 hours.This program aims to qualify students in the field of computer science to contribute to meeting the country’s need for qualified cadres in computer science and applications, which the country needs to bridge the digital divide and build an economy and information society, and contribute to enriching scientific research.The program qualifies the graduate to work in: computer training centers, software development houses, educational program development houses, companies, banks, computerized private sector institutions, websites design and management companies, e-commerce fields, and others.

Study plan:

 percentage Credit hour Number of courses Program structure
50% 15 5 core courses
50% 15 5 elective
6 Graduation project
thesis
Field experience
others
36 10 total

Program courses:

Credit hours Prerequisites for the course  Core

Or

elective

Course name

 

Course code

 

Semester
3 Basic concepts of programming languages core Advanced programming languages ​​concepts CS341  

 

First semester

 

3 Fundamentals of algorithm analysis and design core Advanced algorithm analysis and design CS210
3  computer network basics core advanced computer networks CS330
3 elective advanced computing theory CS342
3 The basics of encryption and network security elective Encryption and Network Security CS331
3 operating system basics elective advanced operating systems CS323  

Second semester

 

3 The basics of oriented programming. core Advanced Oriented Programming in Java CS344
3 The basics of building compilers elective Building Compilers CS345
3 Basics of database management systems elective advanced database management systems CCS371
3 computer drawing basics elective advanced computer drawing CS255

The number of graduates:

Program name 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Diploma/Master in computer Science  8 30 20 23 1 0 0

 

 

 

The program is held in the City of Knowledge in the Engineering Complex, and the study system is based on courses and supplementary research, in the blended system. The total number of credit hours to complete the program is 36 hours.This program aims to qualify students in the field of computer science to contribute to meeting the country’s need for qualified cadres in computer science and applications, which the country needs to bridge the digital divide and build an economy and information society, and contribute to enriching scientific research.The program qualifies the graduate to work in: computer training centers, software development houses, educational program development houses, companies, banks, computerized private sector institutions, websites design and management companies, e-commerce fields, and others..

Admission requirements:

1.      Fulfilling the admission requirements according to the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:

2.      Obtaining a bachelor’s degree, first or second honors, in Computer Science or any other equivalent discipline from the College of Computer Science, University of Science and Technology, or any other similar university,

3.      or obtaining a Higher Diploma in Computer Science with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 as a minimum College of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Science and Technology or any other similar university.

Study plan:

percentage Credit hour Number of courses Program structure
%33 12 4 core courses
%50 18 6 elective
%17 6 Graduation project

Program courses:

Credit hours Prerequisites for the course Core

Or

elective

Course name

 

Course code

 

Semester
3 Internet basics إcore data management ISC03  

 

First semester

 

3 Basics of data mining methods core Analysis, modeling and design ISC04
3 Multimedia basics core Project and Change Management ISE01
3 إcore Data mining and business intelligence ISE04
3 The basics of encryption and network security core Object-oriented analysis and design ISE9
3  computer network basics core Information Systems Management ISC02  

Second semester

 

3 The basics of oriented programming. إcore Data communication and networking ISC01
3 core decision making systems ISE10
3 Software engineering fundamentals core Advanced Software Engineering ISE12
3 Fundamentals of artificial intelligence applications إcore Information systems security management ISE06

The number of graduates:

Program name 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Master in Information Systems 21 30 40 17 7 0 0

Admission requirements:

1.  Fulfilling the admission requirements according to the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:

2.  Obtaining a bachelor’s degree, first or second honors, in Computer Science or any other equivalent discipline from the College of Computer Science, University of Science and Technology, or any other similar university,

3.  or obtaining a Higher Diploma in Computer Science with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 as a minimum College of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Science and Technology or any other similar university.

The program is held in the City of Knowledge in the Engineering Complex, and the study is by courses and supplementary research, using the blended system (Blended), with a total of 48 credit hours. This program aims to graduate qualified students in information technology in both the academic and professional fields, familiar with modern technologies in information technology and its applications in the cognitive and life fields, and contribute to the enrichment of scientific research.The program qualifies the graduate to work in computer training centers, software development houses, educational programs development houses, companies, banks, computerized private sector institutions, websites design and management companies, e-commerce fields, and others.

Study plan:

percentage Credit hour Number of courses Program structure
%33 12 4 core courses
%50 18 6 elective
%17 6 Graduation course

Program courses:

Credit hours Prerequisites for the course Core

Or

elective

Course name

 

Course code

 

Semester
3 Internet basics core advanced web apps ITC03  

 

First semester

 

3 Basics of data mining methods Core Advanced data mining methods ITC04
3 multimedia basics elective  Advanced Multimedia ITE01
3 elective  machine learning ITE04
3 The basics of encryption and network security elective Advanced Information Security Topics ITE9
3  computer network basics Core advanced computer networks ITC02  

Second semester

 

3 Oriented programming basics. Core Advanced Oriented Programming in Java ITC01
3 elective mobile computing ITE10
3 Software engineering fundamentals elective Advanced Software Engineering ITE12
3 Fundamentals of artificial intelligence applications elective Advanced Artificial Intelligence Applications ITE06

The number of graduates:

Program name 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Master of Information  Technology 0 0 2 129 61 30 6

 

 

Admission requirements:

1.  Fulfilling the admission requirements according to the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:

2.  Obtaining a bachelor’s degree, first or second honors, in Computer Science or any other equivalent discipline from the College of Computer Science, University of Science and Technology, or any other similar university,

3.  or obtaining a Higher Diploma in Computer Science with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 as a minimum College of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Science and Technology or any other similar university.

The program is held in the City of Knowledge in the Engineering Complex, and the study system is based on courses and supplementary research, in the blended system. The total number of credit hours to complete the program is 36 hours. This program aims to graduate qualified students in information security in both the academic and professional fields, familiar with modern technologies in information security and its applications in the fields of knowledge and life, as well as contribute to the enrichment of scientific research.The program qualifies the graduate to work in: computer training centers, software development houses, educational program development houses, companies, banks, computerized private sector institutions, websites design and management companies, e-commerce fields, and others..

Study plan:

percentage Credit hour Number of courses Program structure
%33 12 4 core courses
%50 18 6 elective
%17 6 Graduation course

 Program courses:

Credit hours Prerequisites for the course Core

Or

elective

Course name

 

Course code

 

Semester
3 Database basics core database security ISecC01  

 

First semester

 

3 Information security basics Core Advanced topics in information security ISecC02
3 core digital analysis ISecE01
3 Core  Attack and moral hack ISecE02
3 core cloud computing security ISecE03
3  computer network basics Core network security ISecC03  

Second semester

 

3 Encryption basics. Core Cryptography ISecC04
3 operating system basics core Operating Systems Security ISecE04
3 Core ISecE06
3 web application basics core Web application security ISecE07

The number of graduates:

Program name 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Master of Information  Security 0 0 0 0 0 20 11

 

 

 

Faculty of Administrative Sciences Programs :

Admission requirements:

Fulfilling the admission requirements according to the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:

Obtaining a bachelor’s degree, first or second class honors, in business administration or any other similar discipline from the College of Administrative Sciences, the University of Science and Technology, or any other similar university. Or obtaining a higher diploma in business administration from the College of Administrative Sciences, the University of Science and Technology or from any other similar university.

For inquiries:

– Coordinator of Postgraduate Studies at the Faculty of Administrative Sciences : pst.grdt.crdtr.mngt@ust.edu.sd
College of Graduate Studies : pst.grdt&scntc.afrs.scry@ust.edu.sd
– Or come to the admission office of the engineering college

The program is offered at the College of Administrative Sciences, and the study is by courses and research paper, in the mixed system (Blended), with 48 credit hours.

This program aims to take advantage of the university’s capabilities to implement a modern study plan that contributes to qualifying graduates at the level of a master’s degree so that they can upgrade their professional and academic performance, moreover they will be able to acquire the knowledge necessary to conduct scientific research, to participate in advancing the development wheel in the country, and to enrich knowledge in general, and scientific and technical ones.

In particular, the program qualifies the graduate to work in companies, banks, private and public sector institutions, in the fields of e-commerce, and others.

Admission requirements:

Fulfilling the admission requirements in accordance with the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:

Obtaining a bachelor’s degree, first or second class honors, in business administration or any other similar discipline from the College of Administrative Sciences, the University of Science and Technology, or any other similar university. Or obtaining a higher diploma in business administration from the College of Administrative Sciences, the University of Science and Technology or from any other similar university.

Study plan:

Program structure Number of courses Credit hours percentage
course Require   00 course
اoptional      
Graduation project 0 0  
Thesis 0 0 00
Field experience 0 0 0
اother 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0

Program courses:

 

semester

 

Course code Course name required

or

optional

 

Prerequisites for the course –

 

Credit hours
First semester

 

Principles of Accounting Required 3
Principles of Economics 3
Principles of Marketing 3
Quantitative Methods 3
Principles of Management 3
Second semester

 

Strategic Management 3
Marketing Management 3
Organizational Behavior 3
Managerial Accounting 3
Financial Management 3
Third semester MIS 3
TQM 3
Human Resource 3
Advance Financial Mgt 3
Operation Research 6

study fees

(Fees 200 thousand for Sudanese, 2000 dollars for non-Sudanese)

 

Admission requirements:

  • Fulfilling the admission requirements in accordance with the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:
  • Obtaining a bachelor’s degree, first or second class honors, in business administration or any other similar discipline from the College of Administrative Sciences, the University of Science and Technology, or any other similar university.
  • Obtaining a higher diploma in business administration from the College of Administrative Sciences, the University of Science and Technology or any other similar university.

The program is offered in the College of Administrative Sciences, and the study is by courses and research paper, in the blended system (Blended), with a number of 30 credit hours. This program aims to take advantage of the university’s capabilities to implement a modern study plan that contributes to qualifying graduates at the level of a master’s degree so that they can upgrade their professional and academic performance, and acquire the knowledge necessary to conduct scientific research, to participate in advancing the development wheel in the country, and to enrich knowledge in general, and scientific and technical ones. In particular, the program qualifies the graduate to work in companies, banks, private and public sector institutions, in the fields of e-commerce, and others.

Study plan:

Program structure Number of courses Credit hours percentage
course Require   00 course
اoptional      
Graduation project 0 0  
Thesis 0 0 00
Field experience 0 0 0
اother 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0

Program courses:

 

semester

 

Course code Course name required

or

optional

 

Prerequisites for the course

 

Credit hours
 

 

First semester

 

Principles of Economics required 3
Principles of Accounting 3
Principles of Management 3
organizational behavior 3
Quantitative methods 3
 

 

Second semester

 

Cost accounting 3
Production and Operations Management 3
financial management 3
Human Resource Management 3
Basics of Marketing 3

 

Admission requirements:

  • Fulfilling the admission requirements in accordance with the Higher Education Regulations, which are as follows:
  • Obtaining a bachelor’s degree, first or second class honors, in accounting or in any other similar discipline from the Faculty of Administrative Sciences, the University of Science and Technology, or any other similar university.
  • Obtaining a higher diploma in accounting from the College of Administrative Sciences, the University of Science and Technology or any other similar university.

The program is offered in the Faculty of Administrative Sciences, and the study is by courses and supplementary research, in the mixed system (Blended), with a number of 48 credit hours.

This program aims to take advantage of the university’s capabilities to implement a modern study plan that contributes to qualifying graduates at the level of a master’s degree so that they can upgrade their professional and academic performance. Moreover, they can acquire the knowledge necessary to conduct scientific research, to participate in advancing the development wheel in the country, and to enrich knowledge in general, and scientific and technical ones. In particular, the program qualifies the graduate to work in companies, banks, private and public sector institutions, in the fields of e-commerce, and others.

Study plan:

Program structure Number of courses Credit hours percentage
course required 14 42 87.5
optional 00 00 00
Graduation project 1 6 12.5
Total 15 48 100

 Program courses:

 

semester

 

Course code Course name required

or

optional

 

Prerequisites for the course –

 

Credit hours
First semester

 

 

 

501 Advanced Financial Accounting required

 

 

 

 

 

3
502 Accounting for zakat and taxes 3
503 International Accounting Standards 3
501 financial analysis strategies 3
501 Securities and money markets 3
 

 

Second semester

 

601 accounting administration 3
602 accounting theory 3
603 The method of scientific research 3
601 Islamic Finance and Islamic Accounting Standards 3
602 financial management 3
Third semester 701 Accounting Information Systems 3
702 Internal Audit and Corporate Governance 3
703 Contemporary Topics in Accounting 3
701 International Finance 3
702 research paper 6